Film cameras and phone cameras are both imaging devices used to capture still images and/or motion pictures. However, they differ in the way they capture images, which can result in differences in image quality and the way faces are captured and represented.
Film cameras use a light-sensitive film to capture an image. This film is comprised of a series of chemical layers that react to light, producing an image. Film cameras typically have interchangeable lenses that can be changed to modify the way an image is captured. This allows for greater control over the image, including perspective and focus.
Phone cameras, on the other hand, use a digital image sensor to capture an image. The image sensor is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical signal, which is then processed by the phone's software to produce a digital image. Phone cameras typically have a fixed lens and rely on software to control focus and other image attributes.
The lens used in film cameras can impact the way faces are captured and represented in the image. Film camera lenses are typically designed to provide a more natural representation of faces, without the distortion that can be introduced by the lens used in phone cameras. This is due to the fact that film camera lenses are specifically designed to minimize distortion and produce a more natural representation of the subject.
Phone cameras, on the other hand, often use wide-angle lenses that can introduce distortion into the image. This distortion can cause faces to appear elongated or distorted, particularly around the edges of the image. This is due to the way wide-angle lenses capture the image, which can result in a fisheye effect.
In conclusion, it is possible for film cameras to distort faces, but it is less likely than with phone cameras. This is due to the differences in the way film cameras and phone cameras capture images and the types of lenses used in each device. Film camera lenses are typically designed to provide a more natural representation of the subject, while phone cameras often use wide-angle lenses that can introduce distortion into the image.
Source: "The Camera and the Digital Image" by Michael O'Regan and Miklos Bozsoki, "Digital Photography: An Introduction" by Tom Ang.