Jazz, a musical genre that originated in African American communities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, has been influenced by various musical styles, including folk music. Jazz has absorbed elements of folk music, incorporating them into its style and contributing to the development of new subgenres.
One way in which jazz incorporates folk music is through the use of traditional melodies, rhythms, and musical forms. Many jazz musicians have adapted traditional folk songs and melodies, incorporating them into their compositions and arrangements. For example, the song “Take Me Out to the Ballgame”, which was originally a popular folk song, has been covered by numerous jazz artists and incorporated into their performances.
Another way that jazz incorporates folk music is through its improvisational nature. Improvisation is a hallmark of jazz and has roots in the African American folk tradition. Jazz musicians often incorporate folk-inspired melodies and motifs into their improvisations, creating new and unique musical expressions. Additionally, jazz musicians often use the blues, a musical style with roots in African American folk music, as a basis for their improvisations.
Jazz has also been influenced by various other forms of folk music from around the world. For example, jazz musicians have been inspired by the music of Cuba, Brazil, and other Latin American countries, incorporating elements of these styles into their music. This has resulted in the development of subgenres such as Afro-Cuban jazz and Bossa Nova.
In conclusion, jazz incorporates folk music in various ways, including the use of traditional melodies and rhythms, improvisation, and the incorporation of elements from various folk music traditions around the world. These influences have helped to shape the development of jazz as a musical genre and have contributed to its diversity and musical richness.
- Jazz: An American Journey by Scott DeVeaux and Gary Giddins.
- The Oxford Companion to Jazz edited by Bill Kirchner.