Classical music refers to a specific genre of music that was composed between the classical period of 1730-1820. This period saw the development of a distinct style of music characterized by harmony, form, and melody. On the other hand, pop music refers to popular music that is characterized by its accessibility and appeal to the masses.
Classical music was the musical expression of the upper-class and aristocracy during the classical period. It was often performed in palaces, courtrooms, and concert halls for a select audience. The compositions were written for specific instruments such as the harp, piano, violin, and cello, and were meant to showcase the technical proficiency of the musicians and the composers.
Pop music, on the other hand, has always been about reaching a larger audience. It evolved from the traditional folk music and was shaped by the cultural and technological advancements of the 20th century. The introduction of recording technology and mass media allowed pop music to reach a much broader audience.
In conclusion, classical music was not the pop music of its day. While it was widely appreciated by the upper-class and aristocracy, it was not as accessible or appealing to the masses as pop music is today. The distinctions between classical and pop music lies in their purpose, audience, and style. Classical music was written for a select audience to showcase technical proficiency, while pop music is created to reach a wider audience and to evoke emotions and enjoyment.