Yes, film cameras were in use in the 1930s. In fact, the 1930s were an important decade in the history of film cameras. The decade saw significant advancements in camera technology, and many of the camera models developed during this period are still revered by photographers today.
During the 1930s, the dominant type of film camera was the rangefinder camera, which was introduced in the late 1920s. Rangefinder cameras were popular because they were small, portable, and offered superior image quality compared to earlier box cameras. Rangefinder cameras also had an optical focusing system that allowed photographers to accurately focus the lens, resulting in sharper images.
Leica was one of the most prominent manufacturers of rangefinder cameras during the 1930s. In 1932, they introduced the Leica II, which was the first camera to feature an integrated rangefinder and viewfinder. This camera quickly became popular among professional photographers and enthusiasts alike.
Another type of camera that gained popularity during the 1930s was the twin-lens reflex (TLR) camera. TLR cameras featured two lenses, one for viewing and one for taking the photograph. They were popular among portrait photographers because the viewfinder allowed the photographer to see a clear image of the subject without the need for a separate focusing system.
One of the most famous TLR cameras of the 1930s was the Rolleiflex, which was introduced in 1929 and continued to be produced throughout the decade. The Rolleiflex was known for its high-quality lenses and durable construction, and it remains a favorite among film photographers today.
Overall, the 1930s were an important decade in the history of film cameras. The advancements made during this period set the stage for the development of even more sophisticated cameras in the years to come. While digital photography has largely replaced film photography in the modern era, the cameras of the 1930s continue to be appreciated for their beauty, craftsmanship, and historical significance.
"History of the Camera: Who Invented the Camera?" PetaPixel, 28 Jan. 2021, petapixel.com/2021/01/28/history-of-the-camera-who-invented-the-camera/.