The 5 Cs of cinematography are considered to be the key elements that define the visual style and storytelling of a film. They are:
Composition: This refers to the arrangement of visual elements within the frame of a shot. The way that objects, people, and other elements are positioned within the frame can impact the mood, tone, and meaning of a shot.
Camera Movement: This refers to the movement of the camera during filming. Camera movement can be used to follow the action, create a sense of motion, or direct the viewer's attention to specific elements within the frame.
Color: Color is a powerful tool for creating mood and conveying meaning in a film. Different colors can evoke different emotions, and the use of color can be used to create a specific look or atmosphere in a film.
Lighting: Lighting is crucial in cinematography, as it helps to create mood, convey emotion, and set the tone for a scene. Different types of lighting can be used to achieve different effects, such as creating a sense of drama, mystery, or suspense.
Continuity: This refers to the consistency of elements within a shot and between shots, including the placement of objects, the movement of characters, and the overall flow of the action. Continuity is important in maintaining the integrity of the story and ensuring that the audience is able to follow the action.
These five elements are interrelated and work together to create the overall visual style of a film. A skilled cinematographer will consider each of the 5 Cs in the planning and execution of each shot, in order to create a cohesive and effective visual storytelling experience for the audience.
- "The 5 C's of Cinematography" by Michael Kammes (https://www.studiobinder.com/blog/the-5-cs-of-cinematography/)
- "The 5 C's of Cinematography: An Introduction to the Art of Filmmaking" by Tom Chopson (https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/the-5-cs-of-cinematography-an-introduction-to-the-art-of-filmmaking/)