Jazz, a genre that originated in African American communities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, underwent a significant transformation during the mid-20th century that saw it move from being a popular form of music to being regarded as an art form. This shift in perception was the result of several factors, including changes in musical styles, the influence of bebop, the rise of jazz education, and the increased recognition of jazz by the musical establishment.
One of the major factors that contributed to the shift in jazz from being seen as "pop music" to "artsy music" was the rise of bebop. Bebop, a form of jazz that emerged in the 1940s, was characterized by its complex harmonies, fast-paced tempos, and intricate melodies. This new style of jazz was seen as more challenging and intellectually stimulating than the more populist forms of jazz that had come before it, and as a result, it was embraced by jazz musicians and enthusiasts who sought to elevate the genre to the status of an art form.
Another factor that contributed to the shift in jazz's perception was the increased recognition of jazz by the musical establishment. During the mid-20th century, jazz began to receive more attention from classical music critics and scholars, who recognized the genre's unique musical qualities and sought to elevate it to the status of an art form. This recognition helped to legitimize jazz in the eyes of the broader public, and contributed to its growing reputation as a sophisticated and sophisticated art form.
The rise of jazz education also played a role in the shift in jazz's perception. During the mid-20th century, jazz programs began to be established at colleges and universities, and jazz musicians began to be trained in more formal and structured settings. This helped to create a new generation of jazz musicians who were highly skilled and knowledgeable about the genre, and who were committed to preserving and advancing its traditions.
In conclusion, the shift in jazz from being seen as "pop music" to "artsy music" was the result of several interrelated factors, including the rise of bebop, the increased recognition of jazz by the musical establishment, and the rise of jazz education. These factors helped to elevate jazz in the eyes of the public and to establish it as a legitimate and respected art form.