Production is the stage in which the actual filming or recording takes place. This is where the raw footage or audio is captured, using cameras, microphones, and other equipment. During production, actors, presenters, and other talent perform their parts, and the director and crew work to create the desired visual and audio effects.
Pre-production is the stage that precedes production. This is where all the planning and preparation for the production takes place. Pre-production involves tasks such as scripting, casting, location scouting, and securing equipment. During pre-production, the director and crew work to develop a clear vision for the production and to ensure that all the necessary elements are in place for a successful shoot.
Post-production is the stage that takes place after production. This is where the raw footage or audio is edited, special effects are added, and the final soundtrack is created. During post-production, the director and editor work to refine the raw footage into the final product. This stage can also include the addition of sound effects, music, and voice-over narration.
In conclusion, production, pre-production, and post-production are distinct stages in the creation of a final product in the film, television, and media industries. Pre-production involves planning and preparation, production involves the actual filming or recording, and post-production involves editing, adding special effects, and refining the raw footage into the final product.
Source: "The Oxford Handbook of Media Production" (Oxford University Press, 2016) by Dr. ThomasElsaesser.