Miles Davis, born in Alton, Illinois, in 1926, was a jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer who played an important role in the evolution of jazz music. He was known for his innovative style, which changed over time, but always remained distinctly his own.
Davis began his career in the 1940s, playing bebop with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. In the 1950s, he moved on to a new style, known as "cool jazz," which was characterized by a lighter, smoother sound and a more relaxed tempo. Davis's 1959 album "Kind of Blue" is widely considered to be one of the greatest jazz albums of all time and is a hallmark of this era.
During the 1960s, Davis's music evolved again, incorporating elements of rock and funk. His album "Bitches Brew," released in 1970, is often credited with helping to launch the jazz-rock fusion movement.
In the 1980s, Davis's music became more experimental, incorporating electronic instruments and sounds. He continued to push the boundaries of jazz until his death in 1991.
Throughout his career, Davis was known for his innovative approach to the trumpet, his unique sound, and his ability to bring together talented musicians and create something new and exciting. He was also known for his complicated personal life and his reputation for being difficult to work with.
While Davis's music evolved over time, he always remained true to his own vision and style. His legacy as one of the most important figures in jazz history is secure, and his influence can be heard in the work of countless musicians who have followed in his footsteps.
- "Miles Davis" biography on the official website of the Miles Davis Estate
- "The History of Jazz" by Ted Gioia
- "Kind of Blue" album review on AllMusic.com