Mongolian folk music is a traditional genre that reflects the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongolian people. It has been passed down through generations orally and is an essential part of their cultural heritage.
The most prominent instrument in Mongolian folk music is the morin khuur, also known as the horse-head fiddle. It has two strings and is played with a bow made from horsehair. It's an integral part of Mongolian culture, and the instrument's name comes from its distinctive scroll that resembles a horse's head. The morin khuur is often played during ceremonies and is believed to have spiritual significance.
Another instrument commonly used in Mongolian folk music is the yatga, a type of zither with 13-21 strings. It's played using a plectrum and is often accompanied by the horse-head fiddle. The yatga is an essential instrument in Mongolian music, and it's often played during social gatherings and celebrations.
Throat singing, also known as khoomei, is another essential aspect of Mongolian folk music. It involves producing multiple notes simultaneously using the vocal cords, creating a distinctive sound that is similar to the drone of a bagpipe. Throat singing has been a part of Mongolian culture for centuries and is often used to mimic the sounds of nature.
Mongolian folk music is deeply connected to the country's landscape and reflects the nomadic way of life. Many songs celebrate the beauty of the countryside, with lyrics describing the vast grasslands, the mountains, and the rivers. The music also often tells stories of the struggles and hardships faced by the Mongolian people, including war, famine, and the loss of loved ones.
Mongolian folk music has influenced other music genres, both within Mongolia and beyond. It's been incorporated into modern pop music, and some Mongolian artists have achieved international success by blending traditional folk music with contemporary styles.
In conclusion, Mongolian folk music is an essential part of the country's cultural heritage. It reflects the nomadic way of life and celebrates the beauty of the country's landscape. The horse-head fiddle, the yatga, and throat singing are the most prominent aspects of Mongolian folk music, and they have influenced other music genres both within and outside Mongolia. The preservation of this unique genre is crucial to maintaining Mongolia's cultural identity and heritage.
- "Mongolian Music: The Morin Khuur and Other Instruments." Mongolian Bazaar. https://mongolianbazaar.com/blogs/news/mongolian-music-the-morin-khuur-and-other-instruments
- "Throat Singing: The Unique Music of Mongolia." Culture Trip. https://theculturetrip.com/asia/mongolia/articles/throat-singing-the-unique-music-of-mongolia/
- "Traditional Mongolian Music." LiveAbout. https://www.liveabout.com/traditional-mongolian-music-2701586