After conducting research, the most inexpensive yet capable medium format film camera (other than Holga) is the Seagull 4A-109 TLR. This camera is manufactured by the Shanghai Camera Factory and is a twin-lens reflex (TLR) camera. It has a 75mm f/3.5 lens and a waist-level viewfinder. It uses 120 roll film, which produces 6x6 square format negatives. The Seagull 4A-109 TLR is known for its excellent image quality, sturdy build, and affordable price.
The Seagull 4A-109 TLR can be found for under $200, making it an excellent entry-level camera for those interested in medium format photography. It has a simple and intuitive design, making it easy to use for beginners. Its sturdy build quality also makes it a reliable option for those who want a camera that can withstand regular use.
Another great option for those on a budget is the Yashica Mat-124 G TLR. This camera is a bit more expensive than the Seagull 4A-109 TLR, with prices ranging from $300 to $500. However, it is still relatively affordable compared to other medium format cameras on the market. The Yashica Mat-124 G TLR has a 80mm f/3.5 lens and a waist-level viewfinder. It also uses 120 roll film, producing 6x6 square format negatives. The Yashica Mat-124 G TLR is known for its sharp and vibrant images, as well as its solid build quality.
In conclusion, the Seagull 4A-109 TLR and Yashica Mat-124 G TLR are two excellent options for those looking for an inexpensive yet capable medium format film camera. Both cameras offer excellent image quality and sturdy build quality, making them reliable options for regular use. These cameras are great choices for beginners who want to explore the world of medium format photography without breaking the bank.