The Beatles were one of the most influential bands in the history of popular music, and their style was influenced by a wide range of genres and artists, including jazz and blues. In particular, several jazz and blues musicians played a significant role in shaping the Beatles' sound and musical sensibilities.
One of the most important jazz musicians who influenced the Beatles was Duke Ellington. The Beatles were fans of Ellington's sophisticated and innovative compositions, which featured intricate arrangements, complex harmonies, and a distinctive sense of swing. They were particularly drawn to his use of brass and percussion, which they later incorporated into their own music. John Lennon was a particular fan of Ellington's work, and once stated that he wished he could play the guitar like Ellington played the piano.
Another jazz musician who influenced the Beatles was Thelonious Monk. Monk was known for his idiosyncratic piano playing, which featured angular melodies and unconventional harmonies. The Beatles were intrigued by his use of dissonance and unconventional phrasing, and incorporated some of his techniques into their own music. In particular, their song "All You Need is Love" was heavily influenced by Monk's approach to harmony.
In addition to jazz, the Beatles were also influenced by blues music. One of the most important blues musicians who influenced the Beatles was B.B. King. King was known for his soulful guitar playing, which featured expressive bending and vibrato. The Beatles were drawn to his emotional playing style, and incorporated some of his techniques into their own music. For example, George Harrison's guitar solo on "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" was heavily influenced by King's playing.
Another blues musician who influenced the Beatles was Muddy Waters. Waters was known for his raw, powerful vocals and his innovative use of electric guitar. The Beatles were drawn to his expressive singing and guitar playing, and incorporated some of his techniques into their own music. For example, their song "Come Together" was heavily influenced by Waters' song "You Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had."
In conclusion, the Beatles were influenced by a wide range of jazz and blues musicians, including Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, B.B. King, and Muddy Waters. These musicians played a significant role in shaping the Beatles' sound and musical sensibilities, and their influence can be heard in many of the Beatles' most famous songs.