Historically, classical music has been considered as the epitome of high culture and artistic expression. It was the music of the European aristocracy and was performed in courts and concert halls. The term “classical music” refers to a specific period in Western music history, spanning the classical era from 1730 to 1820. This era produced some of the most famous composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Joseph Haydn.
Jazz, on the other hand, has its roots in African American musical traditions and was developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States. Jazz was heavily influenced by blues and ragtime, and it was performed in dance halls, clubs, and other venues. Jazz is considered an art form due to its improvisational nature and its ability to express complex musical ideas through its unique rhythms and harmonies.
In terms of cultural significance, classical music and jazz have both played important roles in shaping the cultural identity of their respective societies. Classical music has been seen as a symbol of European high culture, while jazz has been seen as a symbol of African American creativity and artistic expression.
Musically, both classical music and jazz require a high level of musical skill and technical proficiency to perform. Classical music is often seen as complex and sophisticated, while jazz is seen as innovative and experimental. Both forms of music also require a deep understanding of musical theory and composition, and they both have a rich musical heritage that continues to influence composers and musicians to this day.
In conclusion, classical music and jazz are considered as “Art Music” due to their historical, cultural, and musical significance. Both forms of music have played important roles in shaping the cultural identity of their respective societies and continue to be revered for their artistic expression and technical proficiency.