The presence of themes related to demons and Satan in rock music can be traced back to the origins of the genre. Rock music, which developed in the 1950s and 1960s, was heavily influenced by blues and gospel music. These musical styles often dealt with themes of hardship and rebellion, which were expressed through lyrics that referenced the devil as a symbol of rebellion against societal norms and conventions.
In the 1970s, heavy metal music emerged as a sub-genre of rock music, characterized by its amplified sound and aggressive themes. The use of demonic and satanic imagery in heavy metal music was a direct continuation of the themes present in blues and gospel music, but with a more overt and explicit focus on the darker aspects of the devil and the occult. This was largely due to the influence of the countercultural movement of the 1960s and 1970s, which sought to challenge and subvert traditional societal norms and values.
Many heavy metal bands, such as Black Sabbath, Judas Priest, and Iron Maiden, incorporated satanic and demonic imagery into their music, lyrics, and stage performances as a way to shock and provoke audiences and to express their opposition to the status quo. This use of satanic imagery was often intended to be symbolic, rather than a literal expression of support for devil worship or the occult.
However, the use of satanic and demonic themes in rock and heavy metal music has also been criticized by some religious groups and individuals, who view it as promoting evil and immorality. Despite this criticism, many rock and heavy metal musicians have continued to explore these themes, often as a way to challenge societal norms and to express their individuality and independence.
In conclusion, the use of demonic and satanic themes in rock music can be traced back to the genre's roots in blues and gospel music and has been a continued influence in the sub-genre of heavy metal. These themes often serve as symbols of rebellion against societal norms and conventions and are used by musicians to shock and provoke audiences, express their individuality, and challenge traditional values.
- "The Devil in Music: The Evolution of Rock Music and Satanism." by David Kerekes (2002)
- "The Sociology of Rock" by Simon Frith (1978)
- "The Rolling Stone History of Rock & Roll" edited by Holly George-Warren and Patricia Romanowski (2000)